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83 Results Found.
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Cardiology ( Heart Care ) Treatment - Atrail Fibrillation

Title: Atrail Fibrillation

Description:

Atrial fibrillation (A fib) is an irregular and often rapid heart rhythm. The irregular rhythm, or arrhythmia, results from abnormal electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart that cause the heartbeat to be irregular and usually fast. The irregularity can be continuous, or it can come and go. Some individuals, especially patients on medications, may have atrial fibrillation constantly but not have a rapid rate of rest. Variations of A fib may be termed paroxysmal, persistent, or permanent 

A fib is the most common heart arrhythmia.Variations of A fib may be termed paroxysmal, persistent, or permanent (these are further described below). A fib is the most common heart arrhythmia. Normal heart contractions begin as an electrical impulse in the right atrium. This impulse comes from an area of the atrium called the sinoatrial or sinus node, the "natural pacemaker" that causes the normal range of regular heartbeats.
 
Atrial Fibrillation causes:-
Atrial fibrillation may occur without evidence of underlying heart disease. This is more common in younger people, about half of whom have no other heart problems. This is often called lone atrial fibrillation
 
Symptoms of atrial fibrillation vary from person to person.
  • A number of people have no symptoms.
  • The most common symptom in people with intermittent atrial fibrillation is palpitations, a sensation of rapid or irregular heartbeat. This may make some people very anxious. Many people also describe an irregular fluttering sensation in their chests. This irregular fluttering sensation is due to the irregular rapid ventricular response (rvr) of the ventricles to the rapid irregular atrial electrical activity.
  • Some people become light-headed or faint.
  • Other symptoms include weakness, lack of energy or shortness of breath with effort, and chest pain or angina.
Atrial Fibrillation (A Fib) Medical Treatment:-
 
Treatment for atrial fibrillation traditionally seeks three goals: to slow down the heart rate, to restore and maintain normal heart rhythm, and to prevent blood clots that may lead to strokes. some the treatments carried away for atrial fibrillation
Cardiac rate control
Restore and maintain normal cardiac rhythm
Prevent clot formation (strokes):
Cardioversion (also termed defibrillation)
Pacemaker:
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Neurology Treatment - Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency

Title: Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency

Description:

CCSVI stands for Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency. CCSVI is an ongoing condition where blood from the brain and spine has trouble getting back to the heart. CCSVI is caused by with stenosis (abnormal narrowing of veins) of the jugular veins (veins that bring deoxygenated blood from the head back to the heart) and azygos veins (carries deoxygenated blood from areas of the chest and abdomen to the heart). Blood takes longer to get back to the heart, and it can reflux back into the brain and spine or cause edema (abnormal accumulation of fluid) and leakage of red blood cells and fluids into the delicate tissue of the brain and spine. This causes a delay in deoxygenated blood leaving the head. Due to this partial blockage, deoxygenated blood either stays too long in the brain or can reflux back into the brain causing various adverse effects, including:1) A lack of oxygen (hypoxia) in the brain;2) Inflammation caused by plasma and blood, which can also set off an autoimmune reaction; and 3) Iron from blood deposited on brain tissue can damage Myelin, and over time results in nerve damage (think of rust built up on a motor).

 
Highlights of CCSVI Treatment Programs in India: 
Availability of BrainSuite Image analysis tool at the hospital. Brainsuite permits the neurosurgeons to have an MRI scan of the patient during surgery. This helps the doctors to perform the surgery with more accuracy.
 
Medical qualifications for CCSVI surgery in India 
Not all Multiple Sclerosis patients can opt for CCSVI treatment. Only those patients who are diagnosed to have clots in the veins of brain can be treated by Liberation Surgery. Such clots are known as stenosis or Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI).
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Diagnostics Treatment - Brief Description

Title: Diagnostics Treatment

Description:
Health Checkups
 
Many common and life-threatening conditions can be treated successfully if detected early. Diagnosis helps in identifying the nature of any such conditions thorough health check ups either by process of elimination or by other analytical methods.
 
The diagnostic centers and the hospitals offer comprehensive health check up, that screens each organ closely and detects even the smallest symptom that could be an indication of a major health threatening disease. The constant irritants causing minor ailments are also effectively diagnosed thorough these checkups.
 
However health check ups like Sonography, ECGs, 2D Echos, Bone Density, Dental and Eye exams can be cost prohibitive forcing many of us to avoid this essential step to overall wellness.
 
In today’s stress-filled life, taking care of your health very of important. It is certainly far more economical to invest in preventive healthcare rather than to wait for cure only once you take a hit and then rush to a hospital. We all know "prevention is better than cure".
 
We offer access to a full spectrum of customized diagnostic services and have created specific packages for wellness checks designed especially with you in mind.
 
Some of the advanced diagnostic procedures are…
 
  • Mammography
  • Ultrasound
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • M.R.I. (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Cardiac C.T.
  • C.T. Scan
  • P.E.T. Scan(Positron Emission Tomography)
  • Virtual Colonoscopy
 
A vast range of tailor-made packages have been designed to cater to the needs of specific individuals.
 
Some of the Health Checks offered by us are:-
 
  • Master Health Check
  • Executive Health Check
  • Cardiac Check and Advanced Cardiac Check
  • Women Health Check
  • Elderly Health Check
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Spinal Surgery Treatment - Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Title: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Description:

Back problems are one of the most common reasons to see a doctor, a chronic condition of such leads for a spinal surgery. Spine surgery is an advanced treatment option for pain and disability caused by an identifiable lesion in the patient’s anatomy that has not adequately improved with non-surgical treatments.

Although spinal arthritis tends to be chronic, the symptoms are rarely progressive and rarely require surgery on the painful spinal joints. However, surgery may be needed in severe cases, and may include a spine fusion, decompression and or laminectomy.

Minimally invasive spine surgery is the latest technique which is  routinely carried out with results at par with the best centers globally.

Minimally Invasive Spine Procedures are..

  •     Microsurgical Discectomy
  •     Endoscopic Discectomy
  •     Transforaminal Interbody Lumbar Fusion
  •     Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)
  •     Kyphoplasty
  •     Nucleoplasty or Percutaneous Discectomy

Minimal Invasive spine surgery involves

  •     use of very small incisions,
  •     minimal muscle retraction,
  •     less normal tissue damage
  •     targeted treatment of pathology.

Advantages:-

  • Many surgeries are done under local anesthesia, hence surgeries can bedone even in patients with high risk of anesthesia.
  • There is less blood loss.
  • Minimal morbidity.
  • Patient can be mobilized very early and he can be back to work faster.
  • It prevents complications associated with prolonged bed rest.
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Cardiology ( Heart Care ) Treatment - Robotic Heart Bypass Surgery

Title: Robotic Heart Bypass Surgery

Description:

Robotic surgery is a computer-assisted surgery heart developed to overcome both the limitations of minimally invasive surgery or to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open heart surgery.

Robotic Surgery technology is used for Mitral Valve Repair ( MVR) and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG ).

Robot Assisted Mitral Valve Repairmay be used to treat:

  • Stenosis (narrowing) of the mitral valve
  • Regurgitation (leakage) of the mitral valve

Robot Assisted Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) may be used to treat

  • Blockages in the heart's arteries
  • Severe chest pain ( angina ) that has not improved with medicines

Robot-assisted Atrial Septaldefect repair may be used to treat a hole between the upper chambers of the heart that does not close properly during foetal development.

Robot-assisted Biventricular Pacemakerlead placement may be used to treat heart failure due to Atrial Fibrillation (irregular heart rhythm in the upper chambers of the heart)

 Advantages of Robotic Heart Surgery

1. Less Pain and scarring
2. Minimally Invasive Surgery
3. Shorter Hospital Stay
4. Reduced Blood Loss & need for blood transfusion
5. Reduces the risk of infection
6. Reduction in use of pain medicines
7. Faster Recovery & return to normal activities

Robotic Surgeryis performed by a high end surgical system called the da Vinci Si with 3D HD vision. It combines superior 3D visualization along with great enhanced dexterity, precision and control in an intuitive ergonomic interface with breakthrough surgical capabilities.

By enhancing surgical capabilities, robotic surgery helps to improve clinical outcomes and redefine standards of care.

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Stem Cell Theraphy - Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

Title: Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

Description:

Newborn infants no longer need their umbilical cords, so they have traditionally been discarded as a by-product of the birth process. In recent years, however, the stem-cell “rich blood found in the umbilical cord has proven useful in treating the same types of health problems as those treated using bone marrow stem cells and PBSCs.

Umbilical cord blood stem cell transplants are less prone to rejection than either bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells.

This is probably because the cells have not yet developed the features that can be recognized and attacked by the recipient's immune system. Also, because umbilical cord blood lacks well-developed immune cells, there is less chance that the transplanted cells will attack the recipient's body, a problem called graft versus host disease.

Both the versatility and availability of umbilical cord blood stem cells makes them a potent resource for transplant therapies.

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Stem Cell Theraphy - Peripheral Blood Stem Cells

Title: Peripheral Blood Stem Cells

Description:

While most blood stem cells reside in the bone marrow, a small number are present in the bloodstream. These peripheral blood stem cells, or PBSCs, can be used just like bone marrow stem cells to treat leukemia, other cancers and various blood disorders.

Since they can be obtained from drawn blood, PBSCs are easier to collect than bone marrow stem cells, which must be extracted from within bones. This makes PBSCs a less invasive treatment option than bone marrow stem cells. PBSCs are sparse in the bloodstream, however, so collecting enough to perform a transplant can pose a challenge.

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Stem Cell Theraphy - Somatic Stem Cell Therapy

Title: Somatic Stem Cell Therapy

Description:

Leukemia is a cancer of white blood cells, or leukocytes. Like other blood cells, leukocytes develop from somatic stem cells. Mature leukocytes are released into the bloodstream, where they work to fight off infections in our bodies.

Leukemia results when leukocytes begin to grow and function abnormally, becoming cancerous. These abnormal cells cannot fight off infection, and they interfere with the functions of other organs.

Successful treatment for leukemia depends on getting rid of all the abnormal leukocytes in the patient, allowing healthy ones to grow in their place. One way to do this is through chemotherapy, which uses potent drugs to target and kill the abnormal cells. When chemotherapy alone can't eliminate them all, physicians sometimes turn to bone marrow transplants.

In a bone marrow transplant, the patient's bone marrow stem cells are replaced with those from a healthy, matching donor. To do this, all of the patient's existing bone marrow and abnormal leukocytes are first killed using a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Next, a sample of donor bone marrow containing healthy stem cells is introduced into the patient's bloodstream.

If the transplant is successful, the stem cells will migrate into the patient's bone marrow and begin producing new, healthy leukocytes to replace the abnormal cells.

New evidence suggests that bone marrow stem cells may be able to differentiate into cell types that make up tissues outside of the blood, such as liver and muscle. Scientists are exploring new uses for these stem cells that go beyond diseases of the blood.

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Stem Cell Theraphy - Brief Description

Title: Stem Cell Theraphy

Description:

Stem cell treatments are a type of intervention strategy that introduces new cells into damaged tissue in order to treat disease or injury. Many medical researchers believe that stem cell treatments have the potential to change the face of human disease and alleviate suffering.

The ability of stem cells to self-renew and give rise to subsequent generations with variable degrees of differentiation capacities,offers significant potential for generation of tissues that can potentially replace diseased and damaged areas in the body, with minimal risk of rejection and side effects.

Stem cell therapy has proven to be effective for organs and tissues restoration, and for fight against the incurable and obstinate diseases.

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Urology - TURP

Title: TURP

Description:

The prostate is a gland about the size of a walnut that is only present in men. It is located just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine flows from the bladder and out through the penis.

One of the main functions of the prostate gland is to produce prostatic fluid, one of the components of semen. A man's prostate gland usually starts to enlarge after he reaches 40 years of age.This condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not cancer, and it does not raise your risk for prostate cancer.

Signs & Symptoms

Many men with an enlarged prostate have no symptoms. Common symptoms may include the following:
•    Blood in the urine (i.e. haematuria), caused by straining to void.
•    Dribbling after voiding.
•    Feeling that the bladder has not emptied completely after urination.
•    Frequent urination, particularly at night (i.e. nocturia).
•    Hesitant, interrupted or weak urine stream caused by decreased force.
•    Leakage of urine (i.e. overflow incontinence).
•    Pushing or straining to begin urination.
•    Recurrent, sudden, urgent need to urinate.

In severe cases of BPH, another symptom i.e. Acute Urinary Retention (inability to urinate), can result. Acute Urinary Retention causes severe pain and discomfort. Catheterization may be necessary to drain urine from the bladder to obtain relief.

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the most common operation for BPH. Your surgeon inserts a thin, tube-like telescope (a resectoscope) into the urethra. The resectoscope includes a camera and specially adapted surgical instruments. This allows the surgeon to see the prostate clearly. A wire loop attachment that carries an electric current is used to "chip away" at the prostate. For further information, please see separate Bupa health factsheet, TURP.

Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) may be appropriate for men who have a less enlarged prostate. It is a quicker operation than TURP and instead of "chipping away" a portion of the prostate, small cuts are made in the bladder neck and the prostate to improve the flow of urine.
Open prostatectomy is only recommended for men whose prostate is very large. It is a major operation carried out under general anaesthesia and may require up to a week in hospital. An incision is made in the lower abdomen in order to remove part of the prostate.

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Urology - Brief Description

Title: Urology

Description:

Urology is the medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders.

The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis). Urology is one of the most competitive specialties to enter for physicians.

The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other, so a major part of the conditions managed in urology fall in the area of genitourinary disorders.

Urology combines management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) problems such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, as well as surgical problems such as the surgical management of cancers, the correction of congenital abnormalities, and correcting stress incontinence.

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Transplants Surgery Treatment - Liver Transplant

Title: Liver Transplant

Description:

Liver transplantation or hepatic transplantation is the replacement of a diseased liver with a healthy liver allograft.

The most commonly used technique is orthotopic transplantation, in which the native liver is removed and the donor organ is placed in the same anatomic location as the original liver. Liver transplantation nowadays is a well accepted treatment option for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure.

Procedure

Before transplantation liver support therapy might be indicated (bridging-to-transplantation). Artificial liver support like liver dialysis or bioartificial liver support concepts are currently under preclinical and clinical evaluation. Virtually all liver transplants are done in an orthotopic fashion, that is the native liver is removed and the new liver is placed in the same anatomic location. The transplant operation can be conceptualized as consisting of the hepatectomy (liver removal) phase, the anhepatic (no liver) phase, and the postimplantation phase.

The operation is done through a large incision in the upper abdomen. The hepatectomy involves division of all ligamentous attachments to the liver, as well as the common bile duct, hepatic artery, hepatic vein and portal vein. Usually, the retrohepatic portion of the inferior vena cava is removed along with the liver, although an alternative technique preserves the recipient's vena cava ("piggyback" technique).

The donor's blood in the liver will be replaced by an ice-cold organ storage solution, such as UW or HTK until the allograft liver is implanted. Implantation involves anastomoses (connections) of the inferior vena cava, portal vein, and hepatic artery. After blood flow is restored to the new liver, the biliary (bile duct) anastomosis is constructed, either to the recipient's own bile duct or to the small intestine. The surgery usually takes between five and six hours, but may be longer or shorter due to the difficulty of the operation and the experience of the surgeon.

The large majority of liver transplants use the entire liver from a non-living donor for the transplant, particularly for adult recipients. A major advance in pediatric liver transplantation was the development of reduced size liver transplantation, in which a portion of an adult liver is used for an infant or small child. Further developments in this area included split liver transplantation, in which one liver is used for transplants for two recipients, and living donor liver transplantation, in which a portion of healthy person's liver is removed and used as the allograft. Living donor liver transplantation for pediatric recipients involves removal of approximately 20% of the liver.

Why this is Done
Liver transplantation is potentially applicable to any acute or chronic condition resulting in irreversible liver dysfunction, provided that the recipient does not have other conditions that will preclude a successful transplant. Metastatic cancer outside liver, active drug or alcohol abuse and active septic infections are absolute contraindications. While infection with HIV was once considered an absolute contraindication, this has been changing recently. Advanced age and serious heart, pulmonary or other disease may also prevent transplantation (relative contraindications). Most liver transplants are performed for chronic liver diseases that lead to irreversible scarring of the liver, or cirrhosis of the liver.

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Transplants Surgery Treatment - Kidney Transplant

Title: Kidney Transplant

Description:

A kidney transplant is surgery to place a healthy kidney into a person with kidney failure.

Kidney transplants are one of the most common transplant operations Nowadays. A donated kidney is needed to perform a kidney transplant.

The donated kidney may be from:

  • Living related donor -- related to the recipient, such as a parent, sibling, or child
  • Living unrelated donor -- such as a friend or spouse
  • Deceased donor -- a person who has recently died and who has no known chronic kidney disease
     

People with chronic kidney disease can receive lifesaving dialysis until a donated kidney becomes available. The healthy kidney is transported in cool salt water (saline) that preserves the organ for up to 48 hours. This gives the health care providers time to perform tests that match the donor's and recipient's blood and tissue before the operation

If you are donating a kidney, you will be placed under general anesthesia before surgery. This means you will be asleep and pain-free. The surgeon makes a cut in the side of your abdomen, removes the proper kidney, and then closes the wound. The procedure used to require a long surgical cut. However, today surgeons can use a short surgical cut (mini-nephrectomy) or laparoscopic techniques.

People receiving a kidney transplant are given general anesthesia before surgery. The surgeon makes a cut in the lower belly area and stitches the new kidney into place. The wound is then closed.

Why this is Done:
A kidney transplant may be recommended if you have kidney failure caused by:

  •     Diabetes
  •     Glomerulonephritis
  •     Severe, uncontrollable high blood pressure
  •     Certain infections
  •     Other Kidney Related disorders
     
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Transplants Surgery Treatment - Heart Transplant

Title: Heart Transplant

Description:

Heart transplantation is a surgical procedure to remove a damaged or diseased heart and replace it with a healthy donor heart.

Heart transplant is one of the most common transplant operations performed nowadays. A healthy heart is obtained from a donor who is brain dead but on life support. The healthy heart is put into a special solution that preserves the organ.

The patient is put into a deep sleep with general anesthesia, and a cut is made through the breast bone. The patient's blood is circulated through a heart-lung bypass machine to keep the blood oxygen-rich. The patient's diseased heart is removed and the donor heart is stitched in place. The heart-lung machine is disconnected. Blood flows through the transplanted heart.

Why the Procedure is done
A heart transplant may be recommended for heart failure caused by:

  •     Coronary artery disease
  •     Cardio myopathy (disease of the heart muscle)
  •     Heart valve disease with congestive heart failure
  •     Severe heart disease present at birth
  •     Life-threatening abnormal heart beats that do not respond to other therapy.
     
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Transplants Surgery Treatment - Bone Marrow Transplant

Title: Bone Marrow Transplant

Description:

A bone marrow transplant is a procedure that transplants healthy bone marrow into a patient whose bone marrow is not working properly.

Bone marrow is a soft, fatty tissue inside the bones. This is where blood cells (red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells) are produced, and develop.

In some diseases of the blood cells -- especially cancers such as leukemia high doses of chemotherapy may be needed to destroy the cancer. However, this also destroys normal bone marrow and prevents it from making enough blood cells.

In other cases in which hereditary or acquired disorders cause abnormal blood cell production, a transplant of healthy bone marrow may correct these problems. Transplanted bone marrow will restore production of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.

Bone marrow transplant patients are usually treated in specialized centers. The patient stays in a bone marrow transplant unit, or BMT, to limit exposure to infections.

The healthy bone marrow may be taken from the patient before chemotherapy or radiation treatment (autograft). Or, it may be taken from a donor (allograft). The donor can be a relative (usually a brother or a sister), or an unrelated person (found through the national marrow donor program).

 

Donated bone marrow must match the patient's tissue type. Donors are matched through special blood tests called HLA tissue typing (see HLA antigens).

Bone marrow is taken from the donor in the operating room while the donor is unconscious and pain-free (under general anesthesia). Some of the donor's bone marrow is removed from the top of the hip bone. The bone marrow is filtered and treated. It can be transplanted immediately or frozen and stored for later use.

Transplant marrow is given to the patient through a vein (IV). It is naturally carried into the bone cavities, where it grows to replace the old bone marrow.

The patient is prepared for transplant by getting high doses of chemotherapy or radiation (conditioning). This serves two purposes:

     It destroys the patient's abnormal blood cells or cancer.
    It slows the patient's immune response against the donor bone marrow (graft rejection).

Following conditioning, the patient is ready for bone marrow infusion. After infusion, it takes 10 - 20 days for the bone marrow to establish itself. During this time, the patient will need support with blood cell transfusions.

 

Why the Procedure is done

  •  Bone marrow transplant may be recommended for:
  •  Bone marrow deficiency disease caused by:
  •  Abnormal red blood cell production, such as thalassemia or sickle cell disease
  •  Aggressive cancer treatments (chemotherapy, radiation therapy), especially for leukemia or lymphoma
  •  Lack of normal blood cell production (aplastic anemia) 

Immune system disorders (immunodeficiencies) such as:

  •        Congenital neutropenia
  •         Severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome

Specific forms of cancer:

  •       Leukemias
  •       Lymphomas
  •       Myeloma
     
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